Spring注入日期到bean属性-CustomDateEditor

发布时间: 2012-04-25 阅读数: 26114

这一个Spring例子向您展示如何为bean属性注入一个“日期”。
package cn.zhuir.common;
import java.util.Date;

public class Customer {
	Date date;
	public Date getDate() {
		return date;
	}
	public void setDate(Date date) {
		this.date = date;
	}
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Customer [date=" + date + "]";
	}
}
bean配置文件
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd">

	<bean id="customer" class="cn.zhuir.common.Customer">
		<property name="date" value="2015-12-31" />
	</bean>

</beans>

执行-运行程序输出

package cn.zhuir.common;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class App {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(
				"SpringBeans.xml");
		Customer cust = (Customer) context.getBean("customer");
		System.out.println(cust);
	}
}
可能会遇到如下错误信息:
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.TypeMismatchException: 
	Failed to convert property value of type [java.lang.String] to 
	required type [java.util.Date] for property 'date'; 

nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: 
	Cannot convert value of type [java.lang.String] to
	required type [java.util.Date] for property 'date': 
	no matching editors or conversion strategy found

解决办法

在Spring中,可以通过两种方式注入日期:

1. Factory bean

声明一个dateFormat bean,在“customer” Bean,引用 “dateFormat” bean作为一个工厂bean。该工厂方法将调用SimpleDateFormat.parse()自动转换成字符串Date对象。
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd">

	<bean id="dateFormat" class="java.text.SimpleDateFormat">
		<constructor-arg value="yyyy-MM-dd" />
	</bean>

	<bean id="customer" class="cn.zhuir.common.Customer">
		<property name="date">
			<bean factory-bean="dateFormat" factory-method="parse">
				<constructor-arg value="2015-12-31" />
			</bean>
		</property>
	</bean>

</beans>

2. CustomDateEditor

声明一个 CustomDateEditor 类将字符串转换成 java.util.Date。
<bean id="dateEditor"
	   class="org.springframework.beans.propertyeditors.CustomDateEditor">
		<constructor-arg>
			<bean class="java.text.SimpleDateFormat">
				<constructor-arg value="yyyy-MM-dd" />
			</bean>
		</constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg value="true" />
	</bean>
并声明另一个“CustomEditorConfigurer”,使 Spring转换 bean 属性,其类型为java.util.Date。
<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.CustomEditorConfigurer">
		<property name="customEditors">
			<map>
				<entry key="java.util.Date">
					<ref local="dateEditor" />
				</entry>
			</map>
		</property>
	</bean>
bean配置文件的完整例子(applicationContext.xml)。
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd">

	<bean id="dateEditor"
		class="org.springframework.beans.propertyeditors.CustomDateEditor">

		<constructor-arg>
			<bean class="java.text.SimpleDateFormat">
				<constructor-arg value="yyyy-MM-dd" />
			</bean>
		</constructor-arg>
		<constructor-arg value="true" />

	</bean>

	<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.CustomEditorConfigurer">
		<property name="customEditors">
			<map>
				<entry key="java.util.Date">
					<ref local="dateEditor" />
				</entry>
			</map>
		</property>
	</bean>
	<bean id="customer" class="cn.zhuir.common.Customer">
		<property name="date" value="2015-12-31" />
	</bean>

</beans>

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